Is it a domestic commercial vessel?
In Australia, domestic commercial vessels are regulated under the National System for Domestic Commercial Vessel Safety (national system).
If you have a vessel and you use it for any commercial, governmental or research activity, you will need to make sure that the vessel meets the safety standards and requirements as set out under the national system and associated marine orders. These requirements will depend on the length of your vessel, the type of operation your vessel is used for, and the vessel’s area of operation.
1. Is it a vessel?
Under the national system, a vessel is described as a craft for use, or that is capable of being used, in navigation by water, no matter how it is propelled or moved.
Examples of vessels:
- a boat, canoe or kayak
- a dragon boat, tinnie or dinghy
- a jet ski or sailing boat
- a floating pontoon or barge
- a hovercraft or underwater submersible
- a fishing trawler, charter boat or houseboat
- a car or passenger ferry.
Things that are not vessels under the national system:
- an aquaculture pen or aquaplane
- a boogie board, surfboard, surf ski, or waterski
- an unpowered inflatable raft or inner tube
- a kiteboard, sailboard, or paddleboard
- a pontoon connected to the mainland or floating structure permanently connected to shore
If your craft is not a vessel, then the national system requirements do not apply to your vessel.
2. What do you use your vessel for?
Do you use or intend to use your vessel for recreational purposes, or do you use it for commercial, research or governmental activity, or a combination of both?
- If you only use your vessel for recreational activities, then it will not be a domestic commercial vessel. Check with your local marine safety agency about what you need to do to meet the recreational safety requirements for your state or territory.
Tip: If you plan to use your recreational vessel outside of Australia’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), you must record it on the Australian general shipping register.
- If you use or intend to use your vessel for commercial, governmental or research activity within the EEZ, then it is a domestic commercial vessel.
- If you use or intend to use your vessel for both commercial, governmental or research activities and recreational activities within the EEZ, then it is a domestic commercial vessel.
- If you use or intend to use your vessel on inland waters or on a waterway (such as a pond or dam) on private property within Australia for commercial, governmental, or research activities, then it will generally be a domestic commercial vessel.
What is excluded from the national system:
- a foreign vessel
- a defence vessel
- a regulated Australian vessel
- a vessel owned and operated by a 'prescribed community group' and is not hired to or used as a charter for a person who is not a member of the community group
- a vessel owned by a primary or secondary school and is not hired or used as a charter for a person who is not a student at the school.
3. I have a domestic commercial vessel—what do I need to do?
Before you begin operating your vessel, the vessel must have the following (unless you have an exemption):