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Prosecutions for ship sourced pollution

There are laws against ship sourced pollution and those responsible may be prosecuted under state or territory legislation.

Commonwealth laws

  • Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Act 1975
  • Protection of the Sea (Prevention from Pollution from Ships) Act 1983. This Act is administered by the Australian Maritime Safety Authority. The Act implements the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) in Australian Commonwealth waters. Jurisdiction under this Act extends from three nautical miles out to the Australian exclusive economic zone (200 nautical miles) and also applies within the three nautical miles limits where a state or territory government does not have complementary legislation.

State and territory legislation

New South Wales

South Australia

Western Australia




Northern Territory

Last updated: 14 November 2023