Ship Arrivals in 2022 – Table 1
Ship type 2021 2022 Change
Bulk carrier 14,814 14,456 -2.48%
Chemical tanker 1,370 928 -47.63%
Container ship 3,675 3,897 5.70%
Gas carrier 1,406 1,359 -3.46%
General cargo/ multi-purpose 1,038 1,180 12.03%
Livestock carrier 281 231 -21.65%
Oil tanker 733 842 12.95%
Passenger ships - 488 -
Vehicle carrier 1,524 1,439 -5.91%
Other 1,559 1,954 20.21%
Total arrivals 26,400 26,774 1.40%

 

Table 2 - PSC Inspections by ship type
Ship type 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Bulk carrier 1,585 1,826 1,840 1,712 1,181
Chemical tanker 179 201 235 191 126
Combination carrier 0 0 1 4 2
Commercial yacht 0 0 0 1 0
Container ship 311 327 263 238 302
Gas carrier 53 77 55 24 31
General cargo/ multi-purpose ship 154 129 135 156 177
Heavy load carrier 30 40 36 27 12
High speed passenger craft 0 0 0 0 0
Livestock carrier 52 56 29 36 35
MODU or FPSO 0 0 0 0 1
NLS tanker 25 30 31 27 19
Offshore service vessel 19 12 15 10 7
Oil tanker 155 168 126 124 128
Oil tanker/ chemical tanker 0 0 2 16 67
Oil Tanker/ NLS Tanker 0 0 0 1 1
Other types of ship 14 21 18 26 17
Passenger ship 55 56 23 2 27
Refrigerated cargo ship 3 2 1 4 2
Ro-ro cargo ship 2 9 2 4 4
Ro-ro passenger ship 1 0 1 0 1
Special purpose ship 7 10 8 5 5
Tugboat 30 24 26 18 28
Vehicle carrier 181 172 122 129 169
Wood-chip carrier 66 62 52 65 63
Totals 2,922 3,222 3,021 2,820 2,405

Table 2 shows the number of inspections by ship type from 2018 to 2022.

Table 3 - Inspections by location (top 15 locations)

 

2018

2019

2020

2021

2022

% of total in 2022

Newcastle

212

207

235

163

294

12.2%

Fremantle

410

382

312

280

246

10.23%

Melbourne

156

151

104

130

235

9.77%

Port Hedland

441

694

497

536

204

8.48%

Sydney

190

282

249

174

204

8.48%

Brisbane

238

249

248

249

176

7.32%

Dampier

156

159

175

155

119

4.95%

Gladstone

181

147

214

164

93

3.87%

Hay Point

155

184

157

124

82

3.41%

Port Adelaide

99

56

109

132

77

3.2%

Townsville

81

75

75

63

77

3.2%

Geraldton

83

100

74

90

74

3.08%

Geelong

36

36

38

30

70

2.91%

Darwin

110

137

58

37

65

2.7%

Port Kembla

49

43

62

74

61

2.54%

 

Table 4 – PSC inspections in 2022 by state/territory

State/territory

PSC inspections

Western Australia

721

New South Wales

561

Queensland

541

Victoria

327

Tasmania

98

South Australia

92

Northern Territory

65

Total

2405

 

Table 5 - Inspections by flag State

Flag State

2018

2019

2020

2021

2022

ANTIGUA & BARBUDA

31

30

37

36

32

BAHAMAS

98

119

114

89

79

BANGLADESH

0

0

0

1

0

BARBADOS

5

1

2

1

1

BELGIUM

8

3

12

3

4

BELIZE

1

0

0

0

0

BERMUDA

11

17

7

3

4

BRUNEI DARUSSALAM

1

0

0

0

0

CAYMAN ISLANDS

32

29

29

25

15

CHINA

46

63

36

41

52

COOK ISLANDS

5

5

8

9

6

CROATIA

3

0

1

1

0

CYPRUS

63

66

54

57

51

DENMARK

12

24

12

10

15

DOMINICA

0

1

0

0

0

EGYPT

1

0

0

0

0

FIJI

2

0

0

0

0

FRANCE

3

8

3

0

5

GERMANY

6

4

1

3

0

GIBRALTAR

7

2

2

3

4

GREECE

60

63

47

42

24

HONG KONG, CHINA

306

399

330

358

257

INDIA

11

6

5

7

7

INDONESIA

2

0

0

1

1

ISLE OF MAN

54

54

40

42

22

ITALY

21

24

20

9

5

JAMAICA

0

2

0

1

3

JAPAN

55

58

66

49

43

KIRIBATI

0

0

0

0

1

KOREA (THE REPUBLIC OF)

36

37

27

23

30

KUWAIT

4

4

3

3

4

LIBERIA

340

401

399

378

313

LIBYA

1

2

0

1

0

LUXEMBOURG

5

16

5

8

6

MALAYSIA

10

12

8

6

2

MALTA

186

191

184

143

125

MARSHALL ISLANDS

377

405

397

429

353

MONTENEGRO

0

0

0

1

1

NETHERLANDS

18

22

23

14

21

NEW ZEALAND

3

2

1

2

2

NORWAY

52

70

55

56

49

PAKISTAN

0

0

1

0

0

PANAMA

621

678

703

624

523

PAPUA NEW GUINEA

4

0

1

0

0

PHILIPPINES

23

11

9

7

11

PORTUGAL

43

42

35

34

29

QATAR

2

0

5

3

1

RUSSIAN FEDERATION

0

1

0

0

0

SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES

2

0

0

1

3

SAMOA

0

0

0

1

0

SAUDI ARABIA

0

2

0

0

1

SINGAPORE

292

289

295

238

248

SOUTH AFRICA

0

0

0

1

0

SPAIN

1

2

1

0

0

SRI LANKA

0

1

0

1

0

SWEDEN

7

7

2

6

7

SWITZERLAND

5

1

1

1

2

TAIWAN (PROVINCE OF CHINA)

4

9

10

10

6

THAILAND

9

6

6

10

4

TURKEY

1

3

1

2

1

TUVALU

0

1

2

1

4

UNITED KINGDOM

23

22

18

16

17

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

2

2

0

2

8

 

Table 6 - Deficiencies by category and ship type

Ship type

Structural/ equipment 

Operational 

Human factor 

ISM 

MLC 

Total deficiencies 

bulk carrier

1667

510

492

170

607

3446

chemical tanker

63

9

16

5

9

102

container ship

471

193

128

46

119

957

gas carrier

10

3

6

1

4

24

general cargo/multi-purpose ship

264

77

72

32

76

521

heavy load carrier

4

5

3

 

3

15

livestock carrier

72

18

14

4

11

119

MODU or FPSO

3

 

 

 

1

4

NLS tanker

31

12

8

3

9

63

offshore service vessel

6

4

2

 

 

12

oil tanker

121

30

18

6

40

215

oil tanker/chemical tanker

50

12

12

5

6

85

oil tanker/NLS tanker

4

2

2

1

1

10

other types of ship

18

19

5

3

9

54

passenger ship

45

9

8

2

8

72

refrigerated cargo vessel

10

 

2

2

3

17

ro-ro cargo ship

4

2

 

 

2

8

special purpose ship

9

8

5

1

 

23

tugboat

26

17

4

 

3

50

vehicle carrier

117

46

18

12

46

239

wood-chip carrier

73

27

25

6

49

180

Totals for 2022 

3068

1003

940

299

1006

6216

2022 category deficiency rates 

1.2

0.4

0.4

0.1

0.4

2.6

Totals for 2021

3,125 

985 

842 

318 

972 

6242

2021 category deficiency rates 

1.1 

0.4 

0.3 

0.1 

0.3 

2.2 

 

Table 7 - Rate of deficiencies per inspection by category and ship type

 

Structural / Equipment 

Operational 

Human factor 

ISM 

MLC 

Total inspections

Total deficiencies

Deficiency rate 

Number of detentions 

Detention rate 

bulk carrier

1.41

0.43

0.42

0.14

0.51

1,181

3,446

2.92

76

6.4%

chemical tanker

0.50

0.07

0.13

0.04

0.07

126

102

0.81

3

2.4%

container ship

1.56

0.64

0.42

0.15

0.39

302

957

3.17

25

8.3%

gas carrier

0.32

0.10

0.19

0.03

0.13

31

24

0.77

0

0.0%

general cargo/multi-purpose ship

1.49

0.44

0.41

0.18

0.43

177

521

2.94

21

11.9%

heavy load carrier

0.33

0.42

0.25

 

0.25

12

15

1.25

0

0.0%

livestock carrier

2.06

0.51

0.40

0.11

0.31

35

119

3.40

0

0.0%

MODU or FPSO

3.00

0

0

0

1.00

1

4

4.00

0

0.0%

NLS tanker

1.63

0.63

0.42

0.16

0.47

19

63

3.32

1

5.3%

offshore service vessel

0.86

0.57

0.29

0

0

7

12

1.71

0

0.0%

oil tanker

0.95

0.23

0.14

0.05

0.31

128

215

1.68

3

2.3%

oil tanker/chemical tanker

0.75

0.18

0.18

0.07

0.09

67

85

1.27

3

4.5%

oil tanker/NLS tanker

4.00

2.00

2.00

1.00

1.00

1

10

10.00

1

100.0%

other types of ship

1.06

1.12

0.29

0.18

0.53

3

54

3.18

0

0.0%

passenger ship

1.67

0.33

0.30

0.07

0.30

27

72

2.67

0

0.0%

refrigerated cargo vessel

5.00

0

1.00

1.00

1.50

2

17

8.50

2

100.0%

ro-ro cargo ship

1.00

0.50

0

0

0.50

4

8

2.00

0

0.0%

special purpose ship

1.80

1.60

1.00

0.20

0

5

23

4.60

0

0.0%

tugboat

0.93

0.61

0.14

0.00

0.11

28

50

1.79

1

3.6%

vehicle carrier

0.69

0.27

0.11

0.07

0.27

169

239

1.41

4

2.4%

wood-chip carrier

1.16

0.43

0.40

0.10

0.78

63

180

2.86

5

7.9%

Total 

3068

1003

840

299

1006

2,405

6,216

2.58

145

6.0%

Category deficiency rates 

1.2

0.4

0.4

0.1

0.4

  • Figures in italics are above average. 
  • Figures in bold are the top five for each category
Table 8 - Change in deficiency rate per inspection by category only
Deficiency 2021 2022 Trend
Structure/equipment 1.11 1.2  
Operational 0.35 0.4   
Human factors 0.30 0.4    
ISM 0.11 0.1
MLC 0.34 0.4   

 

Table 9 - Detainable deficiencies by category

 

Category

2021 No. of deficiencies

2021 Share %

2022

2022 Share %

Trend

ISM

53

24.0%

64

29.1%

Fire safety

30

13.6%

32

15.6%

Emergency systems

27

12.2%

23

10.5%

Lifesaving appliances

32

14.5%

20

9.1%

Labour conditions

12

5.4%

16

7.3%

Water/weather-tight conditions

20

9.0%

14

6.4%

Other

8

3.6%

12

5.5%

Pollution prevention – Annex I

11

5.0%

10

4.6%

Pollution prevention – Annex IV

7

3.2%

8

3.6%

Propulsion and auxiliary machinery

2

0.9%

6

2.7%

Cargo operations including equipment

4

1.8%

5

2.3%

Radio communications

3

1.4%

3

1.4%

-

Safety of navigation

4

1.8%

3

1.4%

Certificates and documentation

6

2.7%

2

0.9%

Structural conditions

2

0.9%

2

0.9%

-

 

Table 10 - Top five detention rates by ship type in 2021 and 2022

AMSA detained 145 ships in 2022, with an average detention rate of 6.0%.

2021 – 5.6% average (number of detentions)

2022 – 6.0% average (number of detentions)

Heavy load carrier – 14.8% (4)

General cargo/multi-purpose - 11.9% (21)

General cargo/multi-purpose ship – 7.7% (12)

Container ship - 8.3% (25)

Container ship –– 7.6% (18)

Wood-chip carrier - 7.9% (5)

Oil tanker/chemical tanker – 6.3% (1)

Bulk carrier - 6.4% (76)

Bulk carrier – 6.1% (105)

NLS Tanker – 5.3% (1)

 

Table 11 – Detentions by ship type

Category

2022

2021

Ship type

Inspections

Detentions

Detention rate

Detention rate

bulk carrier

1,181

76

6.4%

6.1%

chemical tanker

126

3

2.4%

1.6%

combination carrier*

2

0

0%

0.0%

container ship

302

25

8.3%

7.6%

gas carrier

31

0

0.0%

4.2%

general cargo/multi-purpose ship

177

21

11.9%

7.7%

heavy load carrier

12

0

0%

14.8%

livestock carrier

35

0

0%

5.6%

MODU or FPSO*

1

0

0%

0%

NLS tanker

19

1

5.3%

3.7%

offshore service vessel*

7

0

0%

0.0%

oil tanker

128

3

2.3%

1.6%

oil tanker/chemical tanker

67

3

4.5%

6.3%

oil tanker/NLS tanker*

1

1

100%

0.0%

other types of ship

17

0

0%

0.0%

passenger ship

27

0

0%

50.0%

refrigerated cargo vessel*

2

2

100%

25.0%

ro-ro cargo ship*

4

0

0%

25.0%

Ro-ro passenger ship*

1

0

0%

0%

special purpose ship*

5

0

0%

0.0%

tugboat

28

1

3.6%

5.6%

vehicle carrier

169

4

2.4%

3.1%

wood-chip carrier

63

5

7.9%

3.1%

Totals

2405

145

6.0%

5.6%

 * As there are less than 10 inspections of this ship type these are not counted in the deficiency rate performance assessment.

 

Table 12 - Flag States that exceeded the average in 2020, 2021 and 2022

2020 (average 5.9%)

2021 (average 5.6%)

2022 (average 6.0%)

Flag State

Detention rate (number)

Flag State

Detention rate (number)

Flag State

Detention rate (number)

Denmark

16.7% (2)

Antigua and Barbuda

11.1% (4)

Antigua and Barbuda

25% (8)

Antigua and Barbuda

10.8% (4)

Denmark

10.0% (1)

Cyprus

9.8% (5)

Taiwan (Province of China)

10.0% (1)

Taiwan (Province of China)

10.0% (1)

Netherlands

9.5% (2)

Norway

9.1% (5)

Thailand

10.0% (1)

Singapore

7.7% (19)

Netherlands

8.7% (2)

Portugal

8.8% (3)

Liberia

7.0% (22)

Liberia

8.0% (32)

Panama

7.2% (45)

Portugal

6.9% (2)

Panama

6.7% (47)

Greece

7.1% (3)

Panama

6.5%

Hong Kong, China

6.7% (22)

Netherlands

7.1% (1)

 

 

Greece

6.4% (3)

Liberia

6.6% (25)

 

 

 

 

Marshall Islands

6.5% (28)

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

6.3% (1)

 

 

 

 

Hong Kong, China

5.9% (21)

 

 

 

Table 13 – Inspections and detentions by flag State in 2022

Flag State

Inspections

Detentions

Detention rate

Antigua and Barbuda

32

8

25%

Bahamas

79

3

3.8%

Barbados

1

0

0

Belgium

4

0

0

Bermuda

4

0

0

Cayman Islands

15

0

0

China

52

1

1.9%

Cook Islands

6

0

0

Croatia

0

0

0

Cyprus

51

5

9.8%

Denmark

15

0

0

France

5

0

0

Gibraltar

5

1

25%

Greece

24

1

4.2%

Hong Kong, China

257

12

4.7%

India

7

1

14.3%

Indonesia

1

0

0

Isle of Man

22

1

4.5%

Italy

5

0

0

Jamaica

3

0

0

Japan

43

1

2.3%

Korea (the Republic of)

30

1

3.3%

Kuwait

4

0

0

Liberia

313

22

7.0%

Luxembourg

6

0

0

Malaysia

2

1

50%

Malta

125

5

4.0%

Marshall Islands

353

21

5.9%

Montenegro

1

1

100%

Netherlands

21

2

9.5%

New Zealand

2

0

0

Norway

49

2

4.1%

Palau

1

0

0

Panama

523

34

6.5%

Philippines

11

0

0

Portugal

29

2

6.9%

Qatar

1

0

0

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

3

0

0

Saudi Arabia

1

0

0

Singapore

248

19

7.7%

Sweden

7

0

0

Switzerland

2

0

0

Taiwan (province of China)

6

1

16.7%

Thailand

4

0

0

Turkey

1

0

0

Tuvalu

4

0

0

United Kingdom

17

0

0

United States of America

8

0

0

Vanuatu

1

0

0

Viet Nam

1

0

0

Total:

2,405

145

6.0%

 Note: flag States above the average detention rate with more than 10 inspections are provided in bold.

 

Table 14 – Ships issued with directions
Ship name
(IMO number)
Flag Direction Issue date Expiry
AG Neptune (IMO 9607734) Liberia Refused access for six months 18/07/2022 17/01/2023
Constanza (IMO 9414929) Liberia Refused access for three months 11/11/2022 11/02/2023

 

Table 15 – Poor performing operators

Company Name

IMO Company Number

Issue date

Synergy Ocean Maritime Incorporated

6064745

25 November 2022

Maersk Line A/S (Safmarine A/S)

5808451

24 November 2022

Mitsubishi Ore Transport Co Ltd (Mitsubishi Koseki Yuso KK)

1708527

23 November 2022

Tamar Ship Management Ltd

5421502

21 November 2022

Synergy Maritime Private Limited

5287602

7 November 2022

Spliethoff’s Bervrachtingskantoor B.V

0289239

4 November 2022

Hoegh Autoliners Management Ltd

6071296

1 November 2022

V Ships Shanghai Limited

5880559

21 October 2022

Technomar Shipping Incorporated

1605338

20 October 2022

Well Shipmanagement & Marine Consultant Co ltd

1898254

26 September 2022

 

Table 16 - Recognised Organisations Performance

Recognised Organisation

PSC

inspection

Deficiencies

Detentions

Detention rate

Detainable

deficiencies

RO

responsible detainable deficiencies

RO

responsible as share

of all detainable deficiencies

American Bureau of Shipping (ABS)

297

536

12

4.0%

18

0

0

Bureau Veritas (BV)

225

829

16

7.1%

23

0

0

China Classification

Society (CCS)

149

309

7

4.7%

8

0

0

CR Classification

Society (CCRS)

22

62

2

9.1%

2

0

0

Croatian Register of Shipping (CRS)

2

1

0

0.0%

0

0

0

DNV (formerly DNVGL)*

376

1,057

30

8.0%

53

2

3.8%

Indian Register of Shipping (IRS)

2

13

0

0.0%

0

0

0

Korean Register of Shipping (KRS)

112

332

8

7.1%

14

0

0

Lloyd's Register (LR)

299

656

10

3.3%

17

1

5.9%

Nippon Kaiji Kyokai (NKK)

855

2,219

55

6.4%

77

9

11.7%

RINA Services SpA (RINA)

59

165

5

8.5%

8

0

0

No class

7

37

0

0.0%

0

0

0

Totals:

2,405

6,216

145

6.0%

220

12

5.5%

* Note: the results for DNVGL and DNV have been merged after DNV changed their name.

Risk Rating –

Table 17 - Detentions and deficiencies by ship Priority Group

Inspection priority

Ship arrivals

Eligible ships

Ships inspected

Inspection rate

2021

2022

2021

2022

2021

2022

2021

2022

Priority 1

634

553

414

347

351

307

84.8%

88.5%

Priority 2

737

655

475

418

301

288

63.4%

68.9%

Priority 3

2,140

1,801

1,731

1,448

771

635

44.5%

43.9%

Priority 4

4,183

4,332

4,125

4,264

1,264

1,046

30.6%

24.5%

Totals:

7,694

6,042

6,745

5,884

2,687

2,167

39.8%

36.8%

Note: ship numbers may not match if a ship arrives multiple times over the year and the priority changes.